The Japanese had already decided to surrender, and had communicated this to the United States via Sweden.
Therefore, the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki did not have to do with Japan, but rather was designed to intimidate the Soviet Union.
The Japanese may have been on the verge of defeat but the Japanese leadership, including the emperor, didn’t accept that premise. was shaping its war plans, Japan’s China Expeditionary Army – a group within the Japanese military – launched a massive offensive in China between the Yellow and Yangtze rivers, hoping to capture U. China lost approximately 14 million in the war against Japan.
And at the same time, as the final act was being played out, the war in China still raged. It is impossible to calculate the casualties in this offensive, but based on a conservative estimate, 100,000 dead in a month of offensives is not out of the question.
The thinking in July 1945 was still that Japan must find a way to win a victory over U. forces, and set the stage for a negotiated settlement.